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Chin. Opt. Lett.
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Review of Geostationary Interferometric Infrared Sounder

To measure the global atmospheric three-dimensional distribution and change of temperature and humidity is one of the key areas in atmospheric remote sensing detection; it is also a new research and development direction in the field of meteorological satellite application. As a main element of China second generation of geostationary meteorological satellite Fengyun 4 (FY-4), which was launched o...
Pulse shape of ultrashort intense laser reflected from a plasma mirror

The temporal profiles of high-power short-pulse lasers reflected from self-induced plasma mirrors (PMs) were measured with high temporal resolution in the sub-picosecond window. The leading front shape of the laser pulse is found to depend sensitively on the laser fluence on the PM surface. Spectral modulation plays a key role in pulse profile shaping. Our findings will extend our knowledge on pro...
Design of double-zone aspheric diffractive intraocular lens with extended depth of focus

Heterogeneously integrating III-V materials on silicon photonic integrated circuits has emerged as a promising approach to make advanced laser sources for optical communication and sensing applications. Tunable semiconductor lasers operating in the 2–2.5 μm range are of great interest for industrial and medical applications since many gases (e.g., CO2, CO, CH4) and biomolecules (such as blood gluc...
Experimental demonstration of underwater optical wireless power transfer using a laser diode

We experimentally demonstrate an underwater optical wireless power transfer (OWPT) using a laser diode (LD) as a power transmitter. We investigate the characteristics of a solar cell and a photodiode (PD) as a power receiver. We optimize the LD, the PD, and the solar cell to achieve the maximum transfer efficiency. The maximum transfer efficiency of the back-to-back OWPT is measured as 4.3% with t...
Optical property measurements of 235 mm large-scale Ti:sapphire crystal

A Ti:sapphire crystal with a diameter of 235 mm and thickness of 72 mm was grown by the heat exchange method (HEM). The absorption intensity of the crystal at 532 nm averaged at 91%. The figures of merit (FOMs) at different positions of the crystal were measured and the FOM value in the central region was found to reach 90. The transmittance laser beam was intact with no obvious distortions and ha...
550 MHz carbon nanotube mode-locked femtosecond Cr:YAG laser

We demonstrate a femtosecond Cr:YAG laser mode-locked by a carbon nanotube saturable absorber mirror (CNT-SAM) at a repetition rate of 550 MHz. By employing the CNT-SAM, which exhibits a modulation depth of 0.51% and a saturation fluence of 28 μJ/cm2 at 1.5 μm, we achieved a compact bulk Cr:YAG laser with self-starting mode-locked operation near 1.5 μm, delivering an average output power of up to ...
50 GHz optical true time delay beamforming in hybrid optical/mm-wave access networks with multi-core optical fiber distribution

We propose and experimentally validate an optical true time delay beamforming scheme with straightforwardintegration into hybrid optical/millimeter (mm)-wave access networks. In the proposed approach, the most complexfunctions, including the beamforming network, are implemented in a central office, reducing the complexityand cost of remote antenna units. Different cores in a multi-core fiber are u...
Photoacoustic characteristics of lipid-rich plaques under ultra-low temperature and formaldehyde treatment

Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) has been used to characterize the spatial and quantitative features of lipid-richatherosclerotic plaques with high sensitivity and specificity. In this Letter, we first validate that the ultra-lowtemperature and formaldehyde treatment have no effect on photoacoustic characteristics of the artery samples.Comparative experiments between the PAI and histological results de...
Robust fiber-based frequency synchronization system immune to strong temperature fluctuation

In order to make the fiber-based frequency synchronization system suitable for the use of large-scale scientific and engineering projects in which the ambient temperature of the fiber links change dramatically, we design a non-harmonic frequency dissemination system immune to strong temperature fluctuation. After the lab tests, in which the ambient temperature of the fiber fluctuates 40°C/day and ...
High power generation of adaptive laser beams in a Nd:YVO4 MOPA system

We report efficient power scaling of the laser output with an adaptive beam profile from an Nd:YAG dual-cavitymaster oscillator using a three-stage end-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier. We succeed in the fast switching of anexcited laser mode by modulating an acousto-optic modulator loss in a dual-cavity master oscillator, therebyachieving temporal modulation of the output beam profile. The outputs from t...
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